Scottish darning basically involves rows or rounds of blanket stitch that build upon one another to create a stretchy fabric. When mending a circular shape, it’s worked from the outside in, efficiently closing a hole. I’ve just recently added Scottish darning to my mending repertoire, after I blew out the bottom of a sock heel on a relatively new pair of socks (must have been all those long pandemic walks).
Tools for Mending
Yarn: Choose a yarn that’s the same weight and of a similar fibre content as the original yarn. When mending socks, a wool blend with nylon, mohair or silk adds strength. A multi-plied yarn with a tight twist will be much more durable than a loosely spun, single-ply yarn.
Blunt-tipped yarn needle with a large eye: The blunt tip helps avoid split stitches. Look for a needle with a large enough eye to thread your yarn, yet fine enough to go under your stitches without difficulty.
Darning egg (or similar): A darning egg or mushroom is a tool created specially for mending, but you could also use an orange, a lightbulb, or a smooth rock. Any smooth form with a flat or rounded surface that can fit inside your sock is useful to have as a surface to work against so you don’t sew both sides of your socks together. In a pinch, I’ve used my cell phone and found it really handy when the screen lit up.
Scissors: Small, sharp scissors or snips.
Locking stitch markers (optional): Stitch markers may be used like tiny stitch holders to keep live stitches from unravelling.
All images by Holli Yeoh.